The si clauses can use 3 tenses in the French grammar : the present, the past and the future. Hello. They refer to the present, past, and future. There are three main types of si clauses, two of which involve verbs in the conditional mode. Si tu pouvais faire le tour du monde, par où commencerais-tu? Fiona wouldn’t have been able to make her cake if she hadn’t bought milk. Si j’étais toi, je ferais plus attention à ma santé. (If I were rich, I'd buy myself a castle.) Si tu gagnais (Imp) à la loterie, tu achèterais (Cond) une nouvelle maison – If you won the lotto, you would buy a new house (but the reality is that you didn’t win the lotto!). They refer to the present, past, and future. The best translation for the term si clause is “if/then constructions”. Note: As in English, you can invert the two clauses. = complete thought (IC) Sharon speaks loudly. LESSON: French first conditional si clauses, LESSON: French present conditional tense. Si clauses (if clauses in English) indicate possibilities, which may or may not become reality. Choose from 500 different sets of french si clause flashcards on Quizlet. If he had a headache, he would tell (it to) me. The tense of the result clause depends on the tense of the si clause. Here are more examples: Si on gagnait au loto, on achèterait une maison. When we talk about a condition that is impossible in the present or is impossible in the future (I don’t have time), we use the imparfait in the if-clause and the conditionnel présent in the main clause. Hear about what's new at the LLL French Academy, and receive updates on new blog posts and other learning resources that you're going to love! Click here for a lesson on first conditional si clauses. A vous maintenant. The 3 French Hypotheses – Si Clauses. The sentence with si is a different clause and is always separated with a comma (,) with the main clause. There is a condition attached to the result that, if met, will allow the result to occur. Si clauses are really something that should be practiced and not necessarily learned through grammar. In other words, the tense of the two clauses follow a pattern that cannot be modified. Imagine a situation that is unlikely to happen and write a short passage in French with a number of verbs in the Conditional. We say that this is for something that would never happen because the first thing didn’t happen so therefore the second thing couldn’t have happened. Si je n’avais pas dormi huit heures, j’aurais été fatigué – If I had not slept for eight hours, I would have been tired, S’il avait oublié ses clefs, il n’aurait pas pu ouvrir la porte – If he had forgotten his keys, he wouldn’t have been able to open the door, S’il n’était pas parti à 7h00, il aurait été en retard – If he hadn’t left at 7 o’clock, he would have been late, Si elle avait giflé son patron, elle aurait été virée – If she had slapped her boss, she would have been fired, J’aurais été fatigué si je n’avais pas dormi huit heures – I would have been tired if I had not slept for eight hours, Il n’aurait pas pu ouvrir la porte s’il avait oublié ses clefs – He would not have been able to open the door if he had forgotten his keys, Il aurait été en retard s’il n’était pas parti à 7h00 – He would have been late if he hadn’t left at 7 o’clock, Elle aurait été virée si elle avait giflé son patron – She would have been fired if she had slapped her boss. Correct answer (s): ferai » Explanation: Present tense 'termine' calls for future tense. These conditional sentences have two parts: the condition, or si clause, and the main or result clause which indicates what will happen if the condition of the si clause is met. Many translated example sentences containing "clause" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. => Si je mange trop, je serai malade. Si j’allais en Espagne, je mangerais des tapas tous les jours. = complete thought (IC) It should be noted, too, that a clause in a sentence is different from a phrase in that it must contain a subject and a verb. French. Si tu n’avais qu’une soeur, tu ne serais pas obligé(e) de partager ta chambre. The French si means "if" in English. Because of this, we’re going to try to put how to use si clauses into the simplest of words. The best translation for the term si clause is “if/then constructions”. Example: Si j’ avais le temps, je t’ aiderais. Hunter Van Ry, the owner of Frenchplanations.com, has spent extensive periods of time living in both France and Canada learning and studying the French language. If I were you, I would pay more attention to my health. Study the lessons on each of the main types and then take the quiz. In situations where the word “then” is omitted you can often reverse the sentence and keep the same meaning. Examples: Si tu pars au marché, tu m'achèteras un peu de fruits. Then I realized, if the board pushed you out, your non-compete clause would be null and void, and you could take Emily's technology public. Present + Future LINK Practice present + future si clauses on quizlet. It requires familiarity with the third conditional (si clauses), including pluperfect and past conditional conjugations. This final type of si clause first uses the past perfect and then the conditional perfect. This first si clause is probably the easiest to understand. The clause can also be switched in this case there is no need to add a comma: Main clause + si clause. The conditional can also be used for politeness to say what someone would like. I hope this helps. There are formed as followed : Si clause + main clause. Si clauses or conditionals produce conditional sentences, with one clause stating a condition or possibility and a second clause naming a result produced by that condition. Si j'achetais une nouvelle voiture, je la mènerais à l'école. Moreover, in Spanish, we have three different kinds of … Browse si clauses french resources on Teachers Pay Teachers, a marketplace trusted by millions of teachers for original educational resources. - (copy) Choose logical verb based on tense and sometimes on meaning. What to do Print out a table for each group (see below). Despite this, with just a little bit of practice there’s no reason you shouldn’t be able to master it quickly. 3. Learn french si clause with free interactive flashcards. Quand et si clauses 1. After several years of French, some of the students probably feel a little … bored. On irait à la plage s’il faisait chaud – We would go to the beach if it was hot out, J’achèterais un avion si j’avais beaucoup d’argent – I would buy a plane if I had a lot of money, Je deviendrais fou si je n’avais pas de travail – I would go crazy if I didn’t have a job, Il serait crevé s’il ne dormait pas 8 heures cette nuit – He would be exhausted if he didn’t sleep 8 hours last night. These conditional sentences have two parts: the condition, or si clause, and the main or result clause which indicates what will happen if the condition of the si clause is met. They refer to the present, past, and future. As a result, I decided to make the structures of the sentences very explicit in this episode, with lots of examples … This French reading includes many examples of the conditional tense with if clauses. • Tu auras un bon travail si tu as ton bac. This is just a brief overview of how to make sense of 'si clauses' in French. A typical clause consists of a subject and a verb (or verb phrase). In French, the main clause typically comes at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the subordinate clause. => Si tu aimes le français, j'essaierai de t'aider. Study the lessons on each of the main types and then take the quiz. Examples: Si tu pars au marché, tu m'achèteras un peu de fruits. The word si means if in English. Have a look at the following examples both in French and English, all of which are used in my video lesson below. Si clauses indicate possibilities, which may or may not become reality. If I had time, I would help you. => Si tu aimais le français, j'essayerais de t'aider. – If it was easier, I would do it every day. Study the lessons on each of the main types and then take the quiz. The second type of si clause is first constructed with the imperfect and then with the conditional. 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