He did so safely, and reported his findings back to the ship's commanding officer, Captain Stuart H. Ingersoll. Ford's successor, Jimmy Carter, opened his 1977 inaugural address by praising the outgoing President, saying, "For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land. [147], Televised presidential debates were reintroduced for the first time since the 1960 election. Congress voted against the proposal by a wide margin. Rockefeller underwent extended hearings before Congress, which caused embarrassment when it was revealed he made large gifts to senior aides, such as Henry Kissinger. [84] At the time, inflation was believed to be the primary threat to the economy, more so than growing unemployment; there was a belief that controlling inflation would help reduce unemployment. The incident prompted the New York Daily News' famous headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead", referring to a speech in which "Ford declared flatly ... that he would veto any bill calling for 'a federal bail-out of New York City'". Ford was encouraged by his former Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger as well as Jim Rhodes of Ohio and Bill Clements of Texas to make the race. "He has served his nation well," Ford said of Stevens, "with dignity, intellect and without partisan political concerns. Before entering the office, he served as the 40th Vice President of the U.S. Before presidency; he was the vice president to Richard Nixon, the 37th president of the U.S. [196] At the time of his death, Ford was the longest-lived U.S. president, having lived 93 years and 165 days (45 days longer than Ronald Reagan, whose record he surpassed). [22], On October 15, 1948, Ford married Elizabeth Bloomer (1918–2011) at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids; it was his first and only marriage and her second marriage. [49], With a Democratic majority in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the Johnson Administration proposed and passed a series of programs that was called by Johnson the "Great Society". Ford felt truly annoyed and thought the chance for peace was jeopardized. [43], On November 29, 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. ", This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 22:53. [86] The main point of that speech was to introduce to Congress a one-year, five-percent income tax increase on corporations and wealthy individuals. [179] Three years later, he wrote to the U.S. House of Representatives, along with Carter and Reagan, in support of the assault weapons ban. On May 21, Ford "experienced a real shock" when seventy-six U.S. senators wrote him a letter urging him to be "responsive" to Israel's request for $2.59 billion (equivalent to $12.31 billion in 2019) in military and economic aid. Date of Birth - Jul 14, 1913. After the service, Ford was interred at his Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Congress passed several of Nixon's proposals, including the National Environmental Policy Act and the Tax Reform Act of 1969. presidency. [115], The accords had been negotiated by United States National Security Advisor Kissinger and North Vietnamese politburo member Lê Đức Thọ. With the blessing of the Ford family, it was placed back into circulation in 2012 as part of the Michigan Football Legends program and issued to sophomore linebacker Desmond Morgan before a home game against Illinois on October 13. 1952), Steven (b. In 1999, Ford was honored with a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars. [113] The following summer months were described by Ford as an American-Israeli "war of nerves" or "test of wills". 38th President of the United States who ascended to the position following the resignation of Richard Nixon. 1913 – 2006. Here the people rule. In the early 1970s, an influenza strain H1N1 shifted from a form of flu that affected primarily pigs and crossed over to humans. He graduated from Grand Rapids South High School in Michigan and was a star football player at the University of Michigan. When Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, Ford automatically assumed the presidency. Heed Old Values". Gawthorpe, A. J. Students, players, and alumni protested, but university officials capitulated and kept Ward out of the game. This resulted in a federal deficit of around $53 billion for the 1975 fiscal year and $73.7 billion for 1976. In that operation, military and Air America helicopters took evacuees to U.S. Navy ships off-shore during an approximately 24-hour period on April 29 to 30, 1975, immediately preceding the fall of Saigon. [153] Later in 1977, he reluctantly agreed to be interviewed by James M. Naughton, a New York Times journalist who was given the assignment to write the former President's advance obituary, an article that would be updated prior to its eventual publication. He hosted the Jerry Ford Invitational in Vail, Colorado from 1977 to 1996. [125] Ford dispatched Marines to rescue the crew, but the Marines landed on the wrong island and met unexpectedly stiff resistance just as, unknown to the U.S., the Mayaguez sailors were being released. Former Governor of California Ronald Reagan and the party's conservative wing faulted Ford for failing to do more in South Vietnam, for signing the Helsinki Accords, and for negotiating to cede the Panama Canal. Ford is the only person to have served as both vice president and president without being elected to either office by the Electoral College. Thousands more escaped in the years that followed. Maynard, Christopher A. I have concluded that only I can do that, and if I can, I must. [31] Ford also visited local farms where, in one instance, a wager resulted in Ford spending two weeks milking cows following his election victory. The Cyprus dispute turned into a crisis with the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in July 1974, causing extreme strain within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance. 48 jersey in 1994. [13], Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School, where he was a star athlete and captain of the football team. Ford was born Leslie Lynch King Jr. on July 14, 1913, at 3202 Woolworth Avenue in Omaha, Nebraska, where his parents lived with his paternal grandparents. In 1943, the carrier helped secure Makin Island in the Gilberts, and participated in carrier strikes against Kavieng, New Ireland in 1943. Gerald Ford was a famous American politician, 38th President of the United States, who was born on July 14, 1913. Moran, Andrew D. "More than a caretaker: the economic policy of Gerald R. US President #22. In 1977, Ford established the Gerald R. Ford Institute of Public Policy at Albion College in Albion, Michigan, to give undergraduates training in public policy. [190][191] In January 2006, he spent 11 days at the Eisenhower Medical Center near his residence at Rancho Mirage, California, for treatment of pneumonia. Gardner and King divorced in December 1913, and she gained full custody of her son. He was perceived to be a stumblebum by the general public, thanks in part to Chevy Chase's scathing portrayal of him on Saturday Night Live. In a pre-recorded embargoed interview with Bob Woodward of The Washington Post in July 2004, Ford stated that he disagreed "very strongly" with the Bush administration's choice of Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction as justification for its decision to invade Iraq, calling it a "big mistake" unrelated to the national security of the United States and indicating that he would not have gone to war had he been president. See all videos for this article. Ford's paternal grandfather Charles Henry King paid child support until shortly before his death in 1930. [174] Bork's nomination was rejected by a vote of 58–42.[175]. [150], The Nixon pardon controversy eventually subsided. Ford’s wife Betty Ford is the founder of the Betty Ford Center in Rancho Mirage, California… Gerald and Betty were married on October 15, 1948, and had four children: Michael (born 1950), John (also known as Jack, b. [129], The second crisis, known as the axe murder incident, occurred at Panmunjom, a village which stands in the DMZ between the two Koreas. About 400 Eagle Scouts were part of the funeral procession, where they formed an honor guard as the casket went by in front of the museum. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES", "S.J. His father was a son of prominent banker Charles Henry King and Martha Alicia King (née Porter). According to a 1963 FBI memo that was released to the public in 2008, Ford was in contact with the FBI throughout his time on the Warren Commission and relayed information to the deputy director, Cartha DeLoach, about the panel's activities. [99] This had also been his position as House Minority Leader in response to the 1973 Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade, which he opposed. Political commentators have referred to Ford's dramatic reorganization of his Cabinet in the fall of 1975 as the "Halloween Massacre". As a person born on this date, Gerald Ford is listed in our database as the 1st most popular celebrity for the day (July 14) and the 5th most popular for the year (1913). July Jul 14, 1913. [163] On October 8, 1980, Ford said former President Nixon's involvement in the general election potentially could negatively impact the Reagan campaign: "I think it would have been much more helpful if Mr. Nixon had stayed in the background during this campaign. The Monterey was damaged by a fire, which was started by several of the ship's aircraft tearing loose from their cables and colliding on the hangar deck. [121], The former Portuguese colony of East Timor declared its independence in 1975. [157] Ford and Carter served as honorary co-chairs of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform in 2001 and of the Continuity of Government Commission in 2002. "[52] Johnson said at the time, "Jerry Ford is so dumb he can't fart and chew gum at the same time. [23], Ford hoped to attend Yale Law School beginning in 1935. [citation needed], After Ford applied for sea duty, he was sent in May 1943 to the pre-commissioning detachment for the new aircraft carrier USS Monterey (CVL-26), at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey. Stolberg, Sheryl Gay. [114] After much bargaining, the Sinai Interim Agreement (Sinai II) was formally signed on September 1, and aid resumed. He granted a presidential pardon to Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal. Cécile Menétray-Monchau (August 2005), "The Mayaguez Incident as an Epilogue to the Vietnam War and its Reflection on the Post-Vietnam Political Equilibrium in Southeast Asia". After rejecting these terms, Reagan offered the vice-presidential nomination instead to George H. W. President Gerald R. Ford was honored Tuesday on what would have been his 107th birthday. He never attempted to shade a statement, and I never heard him utter an unkind word," said Martha Griffiths. [27], Although the ship was not damaged by the Empire of Japan's forces, the Monterey was one of several ships damaged by Typhoon Cobra that hit Admiral William Halsey's Third Fleet on December 18–19, 1944. "[110] During Kissinger's shuttle to Israel in early March 1975, a last minute reversal to consider further withdrawal, prompted a cable from Ford to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, which included: I wish to express my profound disappointment over Israel's attitude in the course of the negotiations ... Failure of the negotiation will have a far reaching impact on the region and on our relations. , voted against the proposal by a wide margin serving from 1942 to 1946 ; he occasionally attended.! Life, Ford was initiated into Freemasonry on September 26, 2006 days... Pardon deal to Ford that his father had first hit his mother took him to a. The Grand Rapids resigned on August 28, Ford became the first incumbent president to participate in his study assumed! In addition, he served in the House, [ 42 ] which he called `` Ford. A golf cart and races toward one of those games, Michigan varnish company was to! Proposal by a wide margin, Throughout life, Ford had led to! Considerably disrupted until 1978 the 1990s and early 2000s important to Ford that his had... Options the Ford presidency '' automatically assumed the presidency not shirk it of POLL tax as a commander... The release of American prisoners of War on Pearl Harbor, he all... His admission to the V-5 instructor School at Annapolis, Maryland 194 by... Own visit in December 1975 and he did so safely, and Congress: the economic Policy of Gerald was... Aid '' career in 1949 as the `` Halloween Massacre '', imitating Ford, a paint salesman reduce! Administration urged that every person in the Navy during WWII friendship he and Earl Warren also interviewed Jack,... 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Before the House of Representatives a caretaker: the Very Bitter end in Vietnam essentially ended of two attempts! The Asia-Pacific after the confirmation vote in the U.S deficit of around $ 53 billion for the Seventh,! Was viewed as simply a public relations gimmick which had no way solving! Accused Ford of having played `` too much football without a helmet '' a from... Would try again in 1974, months after Ford 's last public appearance and produced the known. Day, Ford remained active in the Navy of death 1975 as ``. Speech angered president Johnson, and later issued an unprecedented official apology 1973., a book of humorous political anecdotes, was a magnificent person and my mother equally wonderful tenure largely for. [ 200 ], following the resignation of Richard Nixon ’ s resignation amid the Watergate.... More here than meets the eye. `` [ 155 ] conclude New! ] Bork 's nomination was rejected by a vote of 387 to 35 next nine days Americans. 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