Yet there’s a big difference between Lam’s dream jungle and … Though he was raised Roman Catholic, strands of such Afro-Caribbean religious practices as Santería—a hybrid of West African Yoruba traditions and Catholicism—filtered into his upbringing and would come to greatly influence his art. During the interwar period in Paris, Lam befriended the Surrealists, whose influence is evident in The Jungle. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. Working side by side, they developed a visual language whose geometric planes and compressed space challenged what had been the defining conventions of representation in Western painting: the relationship between solid and void, figure and ground. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. See this work in MoMA’s Online Collection. Extract of sample "Analysis on wifredo lam's jungle" Download file to see previous pages The artist’s attention in the traditional African religious beliefs in the Caribbean are suggested in the rightmost masterpiece, which seems like a woman-horse hybrid, a feature of spiritual entities. With their fantastic appearance, they seem as if they could have sprung from the artist’s dreams or possibly from his unconscious, the workings of the mind that especially interested the Surrealists. La Jungla (The Jungle 1943), Wifredo Lam Delectant 2016-12-03T13:23:43-05:00. The Jungle. He was a contemporary of Diego Rivera. In art, the juxtaposition of irrational images reveal a “super-reality,” or “sur-reality.” In Lam’s work, an other-worldly atmosphere emerges from the constant shifting taking place among the figures; they are at once human, animal, organic, and mystical. Already immersed in African art during his time in Paris, in Cuba he began to frequent Santería ceremonies. A distinctive or characteristic manner of expression. The artist’s own family included people of African descent. Available for sale from MLA Gallery, Wifredo Lam, Untitled (1977), Lithograph, 26 × 20 in To find out more, including which third-party cookies we place and how to manage cookies, see our privacy policy. In this monumental and thematically complex gouache, masked figures simultaneously emerge and disappear amid thick sugarcane and bamboo foliage. Modern can mean related to current times, but it can also indicate a relationship to a particular set of ideas that, at the time of their development, were new or even experimental. The polymorphism, for which Lam is well known, juxtaposes aspects of humans, animals, and plants, creating monstrous, hybrid creatures. “I wanted with all my heart to paint the drama of my country, but by thoroughly expressing the black spirit, the beauty of the plastic art of the blacks,” he once said. In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. Some will do it with music, others with literature, I with painting.”1 With his multicultural heritage, extensive travels and life experiences, and active participation in both the Cubist and Surrealist movements, Lam was an artist with a lot to communicate. “Just one of the ways one can try to explain with full liberty. Wifredo Lam was born in Cuba in 1902 of mixed heritage, and pursued a successful artistic career on both sides of the Atlantic. At nearly eight feet high by just over seven-and-a-half feet wide, this gouache on paper and canvas composition can feel immersive, or engulfing. A closely woven, sturdy cloth of hemp, cotton, linen, or a similar fiber, frequently stretched over a frame and used as a surface for painting. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. Interview de Wifredo Lam dans Wifredo Lam. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff. Though Lam spent most of his adult life abroad, meeting and learning from leading European modern artists, he never forgot his Cuban roots. He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. Young Wifredo Lam grew up in Sagua La Grande, Cuba. … But a true picture has the power to set the imagination to work even if it takes time.”2 The “true picture” of which he spoke is his monumental painting The Jungle (1943). Gouache on paper mounted on canvas, 94 1/4 x 90 1/2" (239.4 x 229.9 cm). In the 1920s and 30s, Lam was in Madrid and Paris, but in 1941 as Europe was engulfed by war, he returned to his native country. We use our own and third-party cookies to personalize your experience and the promotions you see. The dense composition creates a claustrophobic feeling while the forms remain difficult to differentiate. Cubism’s influence extended to an international network of artists working in Paris in those years and beyond. In 1941, Lam returned to Cuba. Favorite Add to Wifredo Lam original Lithograph Les affinites ambigues, XX siecle 1963 Abstract, Surrealism artebonito. Wifredo Lam remains the most renowned painter from Cuba and The Jungle remains his best known work and an important painting in the history of Latin American art and the history twentieth-century modernism more broadly. The range of colors used by an artist in making a work of art; 2. Among the artistic movements associated with the School of Paris are Fauvism, Cubism, Expressionism, and Symbolism. Cuban artist of Asian ancestry who was best known for his 1943 work “The Jungle.” Also excelled in sculpture, ceramics, and printmaking. Umbral (Seuil), 1950, by Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (n. 8 decembrie 1902, Sagua La Grande, Cuba – d. 11 septembrie 1982, Paris, Franța), cunoscut mai ales prin numele de Wifredo Lam, a fost un pictor, litograf, sculptor și ceramist cubanez. This merging of human, animal, and plant forms is described as magical metamorphosis. A representation of a human or animal form in a work of art. A thin wooden or plastic board on which an artist holds and mixes paint. The polymorphism, for which Lam is well known, juxtaposes aspects of humans, animals and plants, creating monstrous, hybrid creatures. Through a masterful exercise in the language of European modernist painting, Lam asserted the African roots of Cuban identity and addressed the troubling reality of Cuba’s colonial legacy—a reflection of his own confrontational dialogue with the European interest in so-called primitive art. A person who draws plans or designs, often of structures to be built; a person who draws skillfully, especially an artist. Cuba, one of the world’s largest sugar exporters, had been colonized since the sixteenth century, and the Atlantic slave trade had brought more than a million Africans there as labor for the country’s plantations. It lives at the MOMA, Museum of Modern Art in New York. Lam painted The Jungle during a flowering of interest in Afro-Cuban traditions by writers, artists, and intellectuals. “I wanted with all my heart to paint the drama of my country, but by thoroughly expressing the black spirit, the beauty of the plastic art of the blacks,” he once said. Drawing on the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud, the Surrealists sought to overthrow what they perceived as the oppressive rationalism of modern society by accessing the sur réalisme (superior reality) of the subconscious. One who applies paint to canvas, wood, paper, or another support to produce a picture. By 1923, he had completed his studies in painting. This record is a work in progress. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,708 artworks on artnet. Lam, who had spent three years working with the Surrealists in Paris, aimed for The Jungle to convey the haunting consequences of slavery and colonialism for his native island of Cuba. He depicted figures with crescent-shaped faces, recalling African or Pacific Islander masks, against a background of Cuban sugarcane fields. You feel like you really put yourself into creating a stylish and cosy interiors and you have got yourself all little details but … have you paid enough attention to probably the largest open spaces you have – your walls? His father was Chinese and his mother was a Cuban woman of mixed Spanish and African heritage. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected]. A loosely defined affiliation of international artists living and working in Paris from 1900 until about 1940, who applied a diversity of new styles and techniques to such traditional subjects as portraiture, figure studies, landscapes, cityscapes, and still lifes. A setting for or a part of a story or narrative. He blended elements of Cubism, Surrealism, African, and Afro-Cuban art in paintings that became further dominated by his combined human-animal figures, which seemed to fuse with the lush, tropical flora that sometimes surrounded them. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library. Resembling or using the simple rectilinear or curvilinear lines used in geometry. The Surrealists derived much inspiration from psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud’s theories on dreams and the workings of the subconscious mind. Surrealist painter, Wifredo Lam, was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, of a Chinese father and a mother of mixed African, Indian and European origin. Lam painted The Jungle, his masterpiece, two years after returning to his native Cuba from Europe, where he had been a member of the Surrealist movement. Our site uses technology that is not supported by your browser, so it may not work correctly. In response, they overlaid their own traditions onto Catholicism (creating Santería), while continuing to practice their religions, such as Voodoun, in secret, in such hidden settings as the jungle that crowds Lam’s painting. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Ce tableau, réalisé dans les années 1942-43, a été considéré, par certains critiques de l´époque, comme le premier manifeste plastique du tiers-monde parce qu´il était d´accord For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. In The Jungle, Lam blends Afro-Cuban and African artistic and cultural traditions with the European modernist movements of Cubism and Surrealism. One who produces a three-dimensional work of art using any of a variety of means, including carving wood, chiseling stone, casting or welding metal, molding clay or wax, or assembling materials. An artistic and literary movement led by French poet André Breton from 1924 through World War II. At least the name was familiar. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. 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